I am a cognitive zoologist. That means that I compare cognitive mechanisms between species in order to understand cognitive evolution. Hopefully, this type of research leads to a deeper understanding of cognition as a biological phenomenon.
I mainly work with great apes and corvid birds. I want to understand the cognition of the species themselves, but I also want to gain further understanding of human cognitive evolution. One of my prime interests is to understand how complex cognition evolves, and how it can evolve independently (like in hominids, cetaceans and corvids).
I am the scientific director of Lund University Primate Research Station Furuvik, and I also direct Lund University Corvid Cognition Station.
I mainly teach in comparative cognition and in fields related to it. I am the main supervisor two PhD-students in projects related to physical cognition and planning in great apes and corvids.
- LUCS Cognitive Zoology Group At Lund university animal cognition is studied at the sub department of Cognitive Science (LUCS). Find more information at www.lucs.lu.se
- THE SOCIAL INTELLIGENCE HYPOTHESIS AND THE EPISODIC MEMORY SYSTEM – the role of memories in the social skills of cognitively complex animals (research leader) The overarching purpose of this project is to investigate the role of memory systems, in particular episodic memory, in complex social life, and thereby ...
- INGREDIENTS OF COMPLEX PHYSICAL COGNITION – comparisons between crow birds and great apes (research leader) Finding causes and their effects is central for our understanding of the world. It has long been debated whether animals have complex causal cognition ...
- PLANNING IN CORVIDS AND GREAT APES (research leader) This project investigates future-oriented cognition in corvids and great apes to understand the evolution and structure of such complex cognition.
- Eye-tracking with great apes (research leader) The work consists of developing technology and methodological routines to be able to conduct studies on great apes (orangutans and chimpanzees) with eye-tracking ...
- Phylogenetic reconstruction of the human skill to imagine In our minds we sometimes see and hear lively scenes that have never occured. Imagination is something most people can relate to and use every day. Despite ...
- Development of permanent infrastructure for research and education on great ape cognition at Lund University Primate Research Station Furuvik (research leader) Lund University Primate Research Station Furuvik is a collaboration between Lund University, thru the subdepartment of Cognitive Science at the Department ...
- Osvath, M. (2010). Planning Primates - A search for episodic foresight. Lund University Cognitive Studies, 148. Dissertation.
- Sauciuc, G.-A., Persson, T., Bååth, R., Bobrowicz, K. & Osvath, M. (in press). Affective forecasting in an orangutan: predicting the hedonic outcome of novel juice mixes. Animal Cognition. Springer.
- Kabadayi, C., Taylor, L., von Bayern, A. & Osvath, M. (2016). Ravens, New Caledonian crows and jackdaws parallel great apes in motor self-regulation despite smaller brains. Royal Society open science. Royal Society.
- Osvath, M. (2016). Putting flexible animal prospection into context: escaping the theoretical box. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, 7, 18-5. John Wiley & Sons.
- Jacobs, I. & Osvath, M. (2015). The string-pulling paradigm in comparative psychology. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 129, 120-89. American Psychological Association (APA).
- Jacobs, I., von Bayern, A., Martin-Ordas, G., Rat-Fischer, L. & Osvath, M. (2015). Corvids create novel causal interventions after all. Royal Society of London. Proceedings B. Biological Sciences, 282. Royal Society.
- Osvath, M. & Persson, T. (2015). What’s in a name? Commentary: A crisis in comparative psychology: Where have all the undergraduates gone. Frontiers in Psychology, 6. Frontiers.
- Jacobs, I., Osvath, M., Osvath, H., Mioduszewska, B., von Bayern, A. M. P. & Kacelnik, A. (2014). Object caching in corvids: Incidence and significance. Behavioural Processes, 102, 25-32. Elsevier.
- Osvath, M. & Martin-Ordas, G. (2014). The future of future-oriented cognition in non-humans : theory and the empirical case of the great apes. Royal Society of London. Philosophical Transactions B. Biological Sciences, 369. Royal Society.
- Osvath, M. & Sima, M. (2014). Sub-adult Ravens Synchronize their Play : A Case of Emotional Contagion?. Animal behavior and cognition, 1, 197-205. Sciknow Publications Ltd..
- Osvath, M., Kabadayi, C. & Jacobs, I. (2014). Independent evolution of similar complex cognitive skills : the importance of embodied degrees of freedom. Animal behavior and cognition, 1, 249-264. Sciknow Publications Ltd..
- Osvath, M., Osvath, H. & Bååth, R. (2014). An Exploration of Play Behaviors in Raven Nestlings. Animal behavior and cognition, 1, 157-165. Sciknow Publications Ltd..
- Osvath, M. & Persson, T. (2013). Great apes can defer exchange: a replication with different results suggesting future oriented behavior. Frontiers in Psychology, 4. Frontiers.
- Osvath, M. & Karvonen, E. (2012). Spontaneous innovation for future deception in a male chimpanzee. PLOS One, 7. Public Library of Science.
- Osvath, M., Persson, T. & Gärdenfors, P. (2012). Foresight, function representation, and social intelligence in great apes (Commentary on K. Vaesen “The cognitive basis of human tool use”). Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 35, 234-235. Cambridge University Press.
- Osvath, M., Persson, T. & Gärdenfors, P. (2012). Foresight, function representation, and social intelligence in the great apes. The Behavioral and brain sciences, 35, 234. Cambridge University Press.
- Osvath, M. (2010). Great ape foresight is looking great. Animal Cognition, 13, 777-781. Springer.
- Osvath, M., Raby, C. R. & Clayton, N. S. (2010). What should be compared in comparative mental time travel?. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 14, 51-52. Elsevier.
- Osvath, M. (2009). Spontaneous planning for future stone throwing by a male chimpanzee. Current Biology, 19, 190-191. Elsevier.
- Osvath, M. (2009). The role of sensations in the anticipating self. Constructivist foundations.
- Osvath, M. & Osvath, H. (2008). Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) and orangutan (Pongo abelii) forethought: self-control and pre-experience in the face of future tool use. Animal Cognition, 11, 661-674. Springer.
- Osvath, M. & Gärdenfors, P. (2007). What are the evolutionary causes of mental time travel?. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 30, 329-329. Cambridge University Press.
- Osvath, M. & Gärdenfors, P. (2005). Quand les hommes inventèrent l’avenir. Science Humaines, 58-63.
Book chapters (4)
- Osvath, M. (2013). Astrocognition: A cognitive zoology approach to potential universal principles of intelligence. In Dunér, D., Parthemore, J., Persson, E. & Holmberg, G. (Eds.) The History and Philosophy of Astrobiology: Perspectives on Extraterrestrial Life and the Human Mind (pp. 51-67). Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
- Gärdenfors, P., Brinck, I. & Osvath, M. (2012). The tripod effect: Evolutionary perspectives on cooperation, cognition and communication. In Stjernfeldt, F., Deacon, T. & Schilhab, T. (Eds.) New perspectives on the symbolic species (pp. 193-224). Springer.
- Gärdenfors, P. & Osvath, M. (2010). Prospection as a cognitive precursor to symbolic communication. In Larson, R. (Ed.) Evolution of Language: Biolinguistic Approaches (pp. 103-114). Cambridge University Press.
- Osvath, M. (2009). In the search of inner worlds: are humans alone in the mental world of possible futures?. In Högh-Olesen, H., Tönnesvang, J. & Bertelsen, P. (Eds.) Human characteristics - evolutionary perspectives on human mind and kind (pp. 44-64). Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
- Osvath, M. (2011). Empatins tidsålder (The Age of Empathy). [Host publication title missing], 7-9. Karneval förlag.
Conference contributions (17)
- Osvath, M., Sauciuc, G.-A., Balkenius, C. & Persson, T. (2013). Gustatory imagination in an orangutan.
- Enns, C., Hoeschele, M., Osvath, M. & Przyslupski, A.-M. (2012). Bioacoustic analysis of North American and Swedish raven vocalizations.
- Osvath, M. & Karvonen, E. (2011). Spontaneous innovation for future deception - social planning in a male chimpanzee.
- Osvath, M. & Karvonen, E. (2011). Spontaneous innovation for future deception in a male chimpanzee.
- Osvath, M. (2010). Great ape planning abilities - a review and future avenues.
- Osvath, M. (2010). Planning for bartering in great apes.
- Osvath, M. (2010). Potential mechanisms for planning for future needs.
- Osvath, M. & Persson, T. (2010). Chimpanzees and Orangutans Plan for Future Exchange.
- Osvath, M. & Persson, T. (2010). Lund University Primate Research Station.
- Osvath, M. (2009). Animal planning studies : evidence for phenomenal consciousness?.
- Osvath, M. (2009). Imitation and innovation.
- Osvath, M. (2009). On uniquely human abilities in great apes.
- Osvath, M. (2009). The beautiful minds of apes and crows.
- Osvath, M. (2007). Planning for the future - uniquely human?.
- Osvath, M. (2007). True mental time travel in Pan troglodytes and Pongo abelii - the ape mind as an advanced future producer.
- Gärdenfors, P. & Osvath, M. (2006). On the co-evolution of anticipation, cooperation and communication.
- Gärdenfors, P. & Osvath, M. (2005). The evolution of anticipatory cognition as a precursor to language.