Department of Philosophy

The Joint Faculties of Humanities and Theology | Lund University


Professor of Cognitive Science


Bibliography 2010 - present

Bibliography 2000 - 2009

Bibliography 1990 - 1999

Bibliography 1970 - 1989

Recent book: Geometry of Meaning. MIT Press 2014


Research groups

About the research

My main research area concerns models of concept formation and semantics and their applications in robotics. I also work with the evolution of thinking and language.


Books (8)
Editorships (7)
Articles (53)
  • Gärdenfors, P. (submitted). Animal gestural communication is not just a code system. Current Anthropology. University of Chicago Press.
  • Gärdenfors, P. (submitted). Varför vill vi förstå?. Filosofisk tidskrift. Thales.
  • Löhndorf, S. & Gärdenfors, P. (accepted/in press). What is a domain? – Dimensional structure versus meronomic relations. Cognitive Linguistics. Mouton de Gruyter.
  • Gharaee, Z., Gärdenfors, P. & Johnsson, M. (2017). First and Second Order Dynamics in a Hierarchical SOM system for Action Recognition. Applied Soft Computing, 59, 574-585. Elsevier.
  • Gharaee, Z., Gärdenfors, P. & Johnsson, M. (2017). Online Recognition of Actions Involving Objects. Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures, 22, 10-19. Elsevier.
  • Gärdenfors, P. & Högberg, A. (2015). Evolutionary mechanisms of teaching. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 38, 41-41. Cambridge University Press.
  • Hogberg, A., Gärdenfors, P. & Larsson, L. (2015). Knowing, Learning and Teaching-How Homo Became Docens. Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 25, 847-858. Cambridge University Press.
  • Bååth, R., Lagerstedt, E. & Gärdenfors, P. (2014). A prototype based resonance model of rhythm categorization. i-Perception, 5, 548-558. Pion Ltd.
  • Fiorini, S., Gärdenfors, P. & Abel, M. (2014). Representing part-whole relations in conceptual space. Cognitive Processing, 15, 127-142. Springer.
  • Gärdenfors, P. (2014). A semantic theory of word classes. Croatian Journal of Philosophy, 14, 179-194. Kruzak D O O.
  • Gärdenfors, P. (2014). Comments: The role of attention in lexical semantics. Croatian Journal of Philosophy, XIV, 269-276. Kruzak D O O.
  • Gärdenfors, P. (2014). Cornments: The Role of Attention in Lexical Semantics. Croatian Journal of Philosophy, 14, 269-276. Kruzak D O O.
  • Gärdenfors, P. (2014). Levels of communication and lexical semantics. Synthese. Springer.
  • Gärdenfors, P. (2014). The evolution of sentential structure. Humana.Mente. Humana.Mente.
  • Gärdenfors, P. & Zenker, F. (2014). Modeling diachronic changes in structuralism and conceptual spaces. Erkenntnis, 79, 1547-1561. Springer.
  • Sinha, C. & Gärdenfors, P. (2014). Time, space, and events in language and cognition : a comparative view. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1326, 72-81. New York Academy of Sciences.
  • Gärdenfors, P. & Löhndorf, S. (2013). What is a domain? Dimensional structures versus meronomic relations. Cognitive Linguistics, 24, 437-456. Mouton de Gruyter.
  • Gärdenfors, P. & Zenker, F. (2013). Theory change as dimensional change: Conceptual spaces applied to the dynamics of empirical theories. Synthese, 190, 1039-1058. Springer.
  • Warglien, M. & Gärdenfors, P. (2013). Semantics, conceptual spaces and the meeting of minds. Synthese, 190, 2165-2193. Springer.
  • Gärdenfors, P. & Warglien, M. (2012). Using Conceptual Spaces to Model Actions and Events. Journal of Semantics, 29, 487-519. Oxford University Press.
  • Gärdenfors, P., Warglien, M. & Westera, M. (2012). ”Reply to comments”. Theoretical Linguistics, 249-264. De Gruyter.
  • Osvath, M., Persson, T. & Gärdenfors, P. (2012). Foresight, function representation, and social intelligence in great apes (Commentary on K. Vaesen “The cognitive basis of human tool use”). Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 35, 234-235. Cambridge University Press.
  • Osvath, M., Persson, T. & Gärdenfors, P. (2012). Foresight, function representation, and social intelligence in the great apes. The Behavioral and brain sciences, 35, 234. Cambridge University Press.
  • Warglien, M., Gärdenfors, P. & Westera, M. (2012). Event structure, conceptual spaces and the semantics of verbs. Theoretical Linguistics, 38, 159-193. De Gruyter.
  • Warglien, M., Gärdenfors, P. & Westera, M. (2012). Replies to comments. Theoretical Linguistics, 38, 249-264. De Gruyter.
  • Gärdenfors, P. (2011). Notes on the history of ideas behind AGM. Journal of Philosophical Logic, 40, 115-120. Springer.
  • Johansson, P., Hall, L. & Gärdenfors, P. (2011). Choice blindness and the non-unitary nature of the mind (Commentary on von Hippel and Trivers). Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 34, 28-29. Cambridge University Press.
  • Gärdenfors, P. (2010). The role of indirect reciprocity and theory of mind in interpreting ornaments : commentary on C. S. Henshilwood and B. Dubreuil: “The Still Bay and Howiesons Poort, 77-59 ka". Current Anthropology, 51, 383-384. University of Chicago Press.
  • Williams, M.-A., McCarthy, J., Gärdenfors, P., Stanton, C. & Karol, A. (2009). A grounding framework. Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems, 19, 272-296. Springer.
  • Balkenius, C. & Gärdenfors, P. (2008). Anticipation requires adaptation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 31, 199-199. Cambridge University Press.
  • (2007). La intuición como conocimiento implícito. Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad de Costa Rica, XLIII, no. 108, 51-55.
  • Gärdenfors, P. (2007). Mindreading and control theory. European Review, 15, 223-240. Cambridge University Press.
  • Gärdenfors, P., Kuhn, W. & Raubal, M. (2007). Cognitive semantics and spatio-temporal ontologies. Spatial Cognition and Computation, 7, 3-12. Taylor & Francis.
  • Osvath, M. & Gärdenfors, P. (2007). What are the evolutionary causes of mental time travel?. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 30, 329-329. Cambridge University Press.
  • Gärdenfors, P. (2006). A representation theorem for voting with logical consequences. Economics and Philosophy, 22, 181-190. Cambridge University Press.
  • Johansson, S., Zlatev, J. & Gärdenfors, P. (2006). Why don't chimps talk and humans sing like canaries?. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 29, 287-288. Cambridge University Press.
  • Osvath, M. & Gärdenfors, P. (2005). Quand les hommes inventèrent l’avenir. Science Humaines, 58-63.
  • Zlatev, J., Persson, T. & Gärdenfors, P. (2005). Bodily mimesisas “the missing link” in human cognitive evolution. LUCS: Lund University Cognitive Studies, 121. Lund University Cognitive Studies.
  • Zlatev, J., Persson, T. & Gärdenfors, P. (2005). Triadic bodily mimesis is the difference. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 28, 720-720. Cambridge University Press.
  • Gärdenfors, P. (2004). Conceptual spaces as a framework for knowledge representation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 27, 403-403. Cambridge University Press.
  • Gärdenfors, P. (2004). Conceptual spaces as a framework for knowledge representation. Mind and Matter, 2, 9-27. Imprint Academic.
  • Gärdenfors, P. (2004). Emulators as sources of hidden variables. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27:3, 403-403.
  • Brinck, I. & Gärdenfors, P. (2003). Co-operation and communication in apes and humans. Mind & Language, 18, 484-501. Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Gärdenfors, P. & Kopp, L. (2002). Attention as a minimal criterion of intentionality in robots. Cognitive Science Quarterly, 302-319.
  • Gärdenfors, P. (2001). Concept learning: A geometrical model. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, vol. 101, 163-183.
  • Gärdenfors, P. (2001). Concept modeling, essential properties and similarity spaces. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (6), 1105-1106.
  • Gärdenfors, P. (2001). Les espaces conceptuels. Intellectica 2001/1, n° 32, 185-205.
  • Gärdenfors, P. (2001). Slicing the theory of mind. Danish Yearbook for Philosophy 36, 7-34.
  • Wallin, A. & Gärdenfors, P. (2000). Smart people that make simple heuristics work. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 23, 765-765. Cambridge University Press.
  • Brinck, I. & Gärdenfors, P. (1999). Representation and Self-Awareness in Intentional Agents. Synthese, 118, 89-104. Springer.
  • Gärdenfors, P. & Sahlin, N.-E. (1983). Decision making with unreliable probabilities. British Journal of Mathematical & Statistical Psychology, 36, 240-251. The British Psychological Society.
  • Gärdenfors, P. & Sahlin, N.-E. (1982). Reply to Levi. Synthese, 53, 433-438. Springer.
  • Gärdenfors, P. & Sahlin, N.-E. (1982). Unreliable probabilities, risk taking, and decision making. Synthese, 53, 361-386. Springer.
Book chapters (56)
Prefaces (1)
Encyclopaedia entries (3)
Conference contributions (19)
Working papers (11)
Reviews (9)
Articles in specialist publications and popular press (17)
Newspaper articles (24)
Miscellaneous (8)
Supervision at Lund University (14)
  • Harvard Maare, Å. (2015). Designing for Peer Learning : Mathematics, Games and Peer Groups in Leisure-time Centers. Lund University Cognitive Studies, 165. Dissertation.
  • Lindström, P. (2011). Understanding as experiencing a pattern. Lund University Cognitive Studies, 150. Dissertation.
  • Osvath, M. (2010). Planning Primates - A search for episodic foresight. Lund University Cognitive Studies, 148. Dissertation.
  • Larsson, M. (2009). Learning System Thinking : The role of semiotic and cognitive resources. Lund University Cognitive Studies, 145. Dissertation.
  • Bredefeldt Öhman, M. (2009). Livet som figur : om självbiografiskt minne och metaforer. Lund University Cognitive Studies, 143. Dissertation.
  • Hemeren, P. (2008). Mind in Action: Action Representation and the Perception of Biological Motion. Lund University Cognitive Studies, 140. Dissertation.
  • Persson, T. (2008). Pictorial Primates: A Search for Iconic Abilities in Great Apes. Lund University Cognitive Studies, 136. Cognitive Science. Dissertation.
  • Johansson, P. (2006). Choice Blindness: The Incongruence of Intention, Action and Introspection. Lund University Cognitive Studies, 130. Department of Cognitive Science. Dissertation.
  • Gander, P. (2005). Participating in a Story: Exploring Audience Cognition. Lund University Cognitive Studies, 119. Cognitive Science. Dissertation.
  • Holsanova, J. (2001). Picture Viewing and Picture Description: Two Windows on the Mind. Lund University Cognitive Studies, 83. Cognitive Science. Dissertation.
  • Holsanova, J. (1999). På tal om bilder. Om fokusering av uppmärksamhet i och strukturering av talad beskrivande diskurs. Licentiate thesis.
  • Balkenius, C. (1995). Natural Intelligence in Artificial Creatures. Dissertation.
  • Holmqvist, K. (1993). Implementing Cognitive Semantics. LUCS, 17. Lund University Cognitive Science. Dissertation.
  • Sahlin, N.-E. (1984). Secondary Levels in Decision Making. Dissertation.

Research portal (Lund University)

Other tasks and qualifications

Member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities since 1996. Member of Academia Europaea since 1999. Presented with the electronic Festschrift Spinning Ideas on my 50th birthday. Member of Leopoldina Deutsche Akademie für Naturforscher since 2004. Vice chairman of the Natur och Kultur Foundation since 2007. Member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Science since 2009. Member of the Prize Committee for the Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2011-2017. Member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering since 2018.

The Rausing prize in humanities in 1996. Senior Individual Grant from the Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research in 1997. The prize for interdisciplinary research by Academiæ Regiæ Scientiarum Upsaliensis in 2008. The Hermann Lotze Prize 2012. Universitatis Lodziensis Amico Medal 2012.

Peter Gärdenfors

Post Retirement Professor, Professor Emeritus
Cognitive Science
Department of Philosophy

Contact information

E-mail peter.gardenforslucs.luse

Phone +46 46 222 48 17

Mobile +46 70 914 62 46

Room LUX:B511

Visiting address Helgonavägen 3, Lund

Postal address Box 192, 221 00 Lund

Internal post code 30